Awareness and practice of self breast examination among female nurses at the Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

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Olusegun Emmanuel Gabriel (1*), Oluwaserimi Adewumi Ajetunmobi (2), Olabode Muftau Shabi (3), Olaide Toyin Elegbede (4), Raymond Akujuobi Okere (5), Olusegun Adesola Busari (6), Ayokunle Samuel Dada (7)

1 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
2 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
3 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
4 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
6 Department of Medicine, Cardiology Unit, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
7 Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
(*) Corresponding Author:
Olusegun Emmanuel Gabriel
layodeg@gmail.com

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common female malignancy linked with high levels of morbidity and mortality in developing countries due to delayed diagnosis. This research assessed the knowledge of signs and risk factors of breast cancer and practice of self breast examination (SBE) among female nurses in a rural tertiary Hospital. Eighty-five nurses ages 20 to 60 years were sampled by simple randomization over a period of eight weeks through a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire. The analysis was done using statistical package for social science version 17. Sixteen (15.3%) nurses had adequate knowledge of breast cancer, having a relative with breast cancer (51.8%) and a woman of any age (56.5%) were recognized by majority as risk factors for breast cancer. Majority (68.2%) were not practicing monthly SBE and not confident on how to do it. This study pointed out the gaps in the knowledge and awareness of breast cancer and practice of SBE among the nurses. Opportunity should therefore be sought in various health facilities to educate nurses who are supposed to be closer to the patients.

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How to Cite
Gabriel, O., Ajetunmobi, O., Shabi, O., Elegbede, O., Okere, R., Busari, O., & Dada, A. (2016). Awareness and practice of self breast examination among female nurses at the Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2016.528