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Is socio-economic status a determinant of HIV-related stigma attitudes in Zimbabwe? Findings from Project Accept

Kudzanai Mateveke, Basant Singh, Alfred Chingono, E. Sibanda, Ian Machingura
  • Kudzanai Mateveke
    Research Support Center, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Science, Harare, Zimbabwe | kmateveke@medsch.uz.ac.zw
  • Basant Singh
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Global and Community Health, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States
  • Alfred Chingono
    Research Support Center, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Science, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • E. Sibanda
    Research Support Center, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Science, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Ian Machingura
    Research Support Center, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Science, Harare, Zimbabwe

Abstract

HIV related stigma and discrimination is a known barrier for HIV prevention and care. We aimed to assess the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and HIV related stigma in Zimbabwe. This paper uses data from Project Accept, which examined the impact of community-based voluntary counseling and testing intervention on HIV incidence and stigma. Total of 2522 eligible participants responded to a psychometric assessment tool, which assessed HIV related stigma and discrimination attitudes on 4 point Likert scale. The tool measured three components of HIVrelated stigma: shame, blame and social isolation, perceived discrimination, and equity. Participants’ ownership of basic assets was used to assess the socio-economic status. Shame, blame and social isolation component of HIV related stigma was found to be significantly associated with medium [odds ratio (OR)=1.73, P<0.01] and low SES (OR=1.97, P<0.01), indicating more stigmatizing attitudes by participants belonging to medium and low SES in comparison to high SES. For HIV related stigma and discrimination programs to be effective, they should take into account the socio-economic context of target population.

Keywords

HIV, Stigma and discrimination, Socio economic status, Zimbabwe

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Submitted: 2016-02-11 14:24:40
Published: 2016-08-17 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2016 Kudzanai Mateveke, Basant Singh, Alfred Chingono, Euphemia Sibanda, Ian Machingura

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