Determinants of knowledge and safety practices of occupational hazards of textile dye workers in Sokoto, Nigeria: a descriptive analytic study

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Nneka Christina Okafoagu (1*), Mansur Oche (2), Kehinde Joseph Awosan (3), Hashim Bala Abdulmulmuni (4), Godwin Jiya Gana (5), Jessica Timane Ango (6), Ismail Raji (7)

1 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
2 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
3 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
4 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
5 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
6 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
7 Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
(*) Corresponding Author:
Nneka Christina Okafoagu
stixveno4520@gmail.com

Abstract

Textile dye workers are subject to occupational hazards on a daily basis due to exposure to precarious conditions in the workplace. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and safety practices and its determinants among textile dye workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 200 textile dye workers and the respondents were selected by multi stage sampling technique. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was processed using SPSS IBM version 20 and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Majority of the respondents (74.0%) had good knowledge of workplace hazards; (81.0%) had positive attitude and only 20% observed all the safety practices. Formal education (P=0.047); working less than 5 days a week (P=0.001) and permanent employment (P=0.013) were found to be determinants of respondents’ knowledge and attitude towards workplace hazards. Although the respondents had good knowledge and positive attitude, their lack of observance of safety practices brings to fore the need for direct safety instruction and training and retraining of textile dye workers on workplace hazards and safety practices.

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How to Cite
Okafoagu, N., Oche, M., Awosan, K., Abdulmulmuni, H., Gana, G., Ango, J., & Raji, I. (2017). Determinants of knowledge and safety practices of occupational hazards of textile dye workers in Sokoto, Nigeria: a descriptive analytic study. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2017.664