Cover Image

Earthquake hoax in Ghana: exploration of the Cry Wolf hypothesis

Ishmael D. Norman, Moses Aikins, Fred Binka
  • Ishmael D. Norman
    Department of Biological, Environmental & Occupational Health, University of Ghana, Ghana | ishmael_norman@yahoo.com
  • Moses Aikins
    Health Policy Planning and Management, University of Ghana, Ghana
  • Fred Binka
    School of Public Health, University of Ghana Legon, Accra,

Abstract

This paper investigated the belief of the news of impending earthquake from any source in the context of the Cry Wolf hypothesis as well as the belief of the news of any other imminent disaster from any source. We were also interested in the correlation between preparedness, risk perception and antecedents. This explorative study consisted of interviews, literature and Internet reviews. Sampling was of a simple random nature. Stratification was carried out by sex and residence type. The sample size of (N=400), consisted of 195 males and 205 Females. Further stratification was based on residential classification used by the municipalities. The study revealed that a person would believe news of an impending earthquake from any source, (64.4%) and a model significance of (P=0.000). It also showed that a person would believe news of any other impending disaster from any source, (73.1%) and a significance of (P=0.003). There is association between background, risk perception and preparedness. Emergency preparedness is weak. Earthquake awareness needs to be re-enforced. There is a critical need for public education of earthquake preparedness. The authors recommend developing emergency response program for earthquakes, standard operating procedures for a national risk communication through all media including instant bulk messaging.

Keywords

earthquake, false alarm, crisis risk communication, emergency preparedness.

Full Text:

PDF
HTML
Submitted: 2011-09-19 18:52:04
Published: 2012-04-26 13:56:22
Search for citations in Google Scholar
Related articles: Google Scholar
Abstract views:
549

Views:
PDF
337
HTML
273

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Copyright (c) 2012 Ishmael D. Norman, Moses Aikins, Fred Binka

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 
© PAGEPress 2008-2018     -     PAGEPress is a registered trademark property of PAGEPress srl, Italy.     -     VAT: IT02125780185