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Factors associated with HIV/AIDS sexual risk among young women aged 15-24 years in Nigeria

Chinekwu A. Obidoa, Cyr E. M'Lan, Stephen L. Schensul
  • Chinekwu A. Obidoa
    Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut, United States | chinekwuobidoa@yahoo.co.uk
  • Cyr E. M'Lan
    Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut, United States
  • Stephen L. Schensul
    Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut, United States

Abstract

The growing rate of sexual risk-taking among young people contributes significantly to the spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nigeria. This study, explores the influence of socio-demographic, HIV/AIDS awareness and female empowerment on the sexual risk behaviors of unmarried Nigerian women aged 15-24. The data presented in this paper was drawn from the 2003 Nigeria National Demographic and Health Survey. The sample consisted of unmarried women aged 15-24 in the dataset. Data was collected through a structured and interviewer administered questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the most important predictors of sexual risk behaviors. Sexual risk-taking is relatively high among unmarried young women. Among those who are sexually active, 80% indicated that they did not use a condom during their first sexual encounter. Regression analysis revealed that younger age, lower HIV/AIDS prevention and transmission knowledge, lower knowledge of where to obtain condoms, lower material standard of living and greater intimate partner violence were significantly associated with sexual risk-taking in this population. Findings revealed that the sexual behavior of unmarried Nigerian women aged 15-24 is influenced by a complex matrix of factors. Identifying specific processes and contexts that promote the concentration of risk among sub-sections of young unmarried women aged 15-24 years in Nigeria should be a research and intervention priority.

Keywords

HIV/AIDS, young women, sexual risk, Nigeria.

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Submitted: 2010-12-10 01:44:54
Published: 2012-03-07 14:34:51
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Copyright (c) 2012 Chinekwu A. Obidoa, Cyr E. M'Lan, Stephen L. Schensul

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