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Knowledge, attitude and practice towards zoonoses among public health workers in Nyanza province, Kenya

Peter Omemo, Eric Ogola, Gamaliel Omondi, Job Wasonga, Darryn Knobel
  • Peter Omemo
    Veterinary Public Health Division, Veterinary Department, Kisumu District, Kenya |
  • Eric Ogola
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centres for Disease Control, Kisumu, Kenya
  • Gamaliel Omondi
    Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Job Wasonga
    Association of Public Health Officers of Kenya, Nyanza Province Branch, Kenya
  • Darryn Knobel
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, South Africa


We sought to determine the knowledge and attitude of public health workers (PHWs) with respect to emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases and the practice of one health approach in the surveillance of zoonoses in the community. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 12 randomly selected districts of Nyanza province, Kenya. One hundred and ten randomly-selected PHWs were assessed using a structured questionnaire. Data were collected on their knowledge, attitudes and practices about common zoonotic diseases. Eighty-nine (81%) questionnaires were received back. Eighty-seven (98%) said they discuss zoonotic diseases with the local villagers during their community health work. The most commonly discussed disease was rabies (n=39). Seventy-six (85%) respondents reported ever discussing zoonoses with their veterinary colleagues. Over 85% of the PHWs asked for refresher training on H1N1, and 51% require training on highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1). Despite fair knowledge of rabies among the PHWs in Nyanza province, there is need for improving their attitude of the emerging and reemerging zoonoses. There is also need to improve their practice in terms of collaboration with the veterinarians in zoonoses surveillance in the community.


zoonoses, public health workers, knowledge, attitude, practice.

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Submitted: 2011-10-29 14:43:48
Published: 2012-10-25 12:19:38
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Copyright (c) 2012 Peter Omemo, Eric Ogola, Gamaliel Omondi, Job Wasonga, Darryn Knobel

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