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Health impact assessment and evaluation of a clinical waste management policy for Cameroon

Gabriel Gulis, Peter Ikome Kuwoh Mochungong
  • Gabriel Gulis
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark | ggulis@health.sdu.dk
  • Peter Ikome Kuwoh Mochungong
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark

Abstract

Health impact assessment (HIA) was carried out to evaluate development of a clinical waste management policy for Cameroon. Fifteen stakeholders of different portfolios within the health sector were selected during a HIA initiating study trip to the Northwest region of Cameroon. Questionnaires were then developed and emailed to the stakeholders. The stakeholders identified cross-contamination, environmental pollution, physical injuries and poor waste management sites as potential risk factors that can be associated with poor clinical waste management. They recommended strong economic and political capital as a prerequisite for the development and implementation of a successful clinical waste policy. Local impacts on health, according to the stakeholders, should be prioritized in deciding any treatment and disposal option. The whole HIA process run through 2008-2010.

Keywords

Cameroon, clinical waste, policy, health impacts, disposal, stakeholders.

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Submitted: 2012-01-04 11:02:18
Published: 2013-09-09 16:27:09
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Copyright (c) 2013 Gabriel Gulis, Peter Ikome Kuwoh Mochungong

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