Profiles of microorganisms isolated from neonates’ blood cultures, incubators, cradles, ventilators, washbasins, and health-workers of Libreville University Hospital Neonatal Service: focus on infection prevention and control measures

  • Eliane Kuissi Kamgaing Pôle enfant, CHU- Mère-Enfant Fondation Jeanne EBORI, Libreville; Department of Pediatric University of Health Sciences, Owendo, Gabon.
  • Jean-Charles Ndong Service Laboratoire, CHU- Mère-Enfant, Fondation Jeanne EBORI, Libreville, Gabon.
  • Léonard Kouegnigan Rerambiah Laboratoire National de Santé Publique, Libreville; Service Laboratoire, CHU de Libreville, Gabon.
  • Joel Fleury Djoba Siawaya | joelfleury@yahoo.com Service Laboratoire, CHU- Mère-Enfant, Fondation Jeanne EBORI, Libreville; Laboratoire National de Santé Publique, Libreville, Gabon. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0369-0153

Abstract

Background: Nosocomial infection outbreaks in neonatal services are a serious healthcare concern in both developed and developing countries, but few studies have been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective: This study explored the etiology of septicemia in neonates and associated patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility in Gabon.
Methods: We analyzed cultures from neonates’ blood and swabs from medical personnel and equipment located in the neonatology service.
Results: Sixty-eight microorganisms were isolated from the medical personnel and equipment; 46 microorganisms were isolated from neonates’ blood culture. Klebsiella pneumoniae spp pneumoniae was the most common bacteria found in both (30.6% and 26.9%, respectively). All Klebsiella pneumoniae spp pneumonia isolates were resistant to amoxicillin with clavulanic acid, gentamycin resistance ranged from 93% to 100%, and cephalosporin resistance ranged from 33.3% to 47%.
Conclusions: Awareness of the etiology, prevalence, and outcome of nosocomial infection is the first and most important step to appropriate interventions

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Published
2021-06-18
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Neonates, healthcare-associated infections, resistance
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How to Cite
Kuissi Kamgaing, E., Ndong, J.-C., Kouegnigan Rerambiah, L., & Djoba Siawaya, J. F. (2021). Profiles of microorganisms isolated from neonates’ blood cultures, incubators, cradles, ventilators, washbasins, and health-workers of Libreville University Hospital Neonatal Service: focus on infection prevention and control measures. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1075