Determinants of unmet need for family planning among married women in Zambia

  • James N. Mulenga | nileshmulenga@gmail.com Department of Economics, School of Social Science, Mulungushi University, Zambia.
  • Bupe B. Bwalya Department of Mathematics and Statistics, School of Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Mulungushi University, Zambia.
  • Mulenga C. Mulenga Department of Economics, School of Social Science, Mulungushi University;, Zambia.
  • Kakoma Mumba Department of Economics, School of Social Science, Mulungushi University, Zambia.

Abstract

Unmet need for family planning remains a major family planning problem in most countries around the world. It presents serious consequences for the women, their families and society at large. This study was undertaken to establish the factors that affect total unmet need for family planning and its components in Zambia. This study used the 2013/14 Zambia Demographic Health Survey (ZDHS) dataset focusing on currently married women aged 15 to 49. Data analysis took the form of descriptive, binary logistic and multinomial logistic regressions. The study shows that although there has been a substantial increase in contraceptive use, combined unmet need for family planning has only decreased slightly over time and currently stand at 21%, made up of 14% limiters and 7% spacers. Various factors were identified as determinants of unmet need for spacing, limiting or total unmet need for family planning. These included age, partner’s level of education, contraceptive side effects, husband opposition to contraceptives and number of living children. To enhance utilization, policy should not be blind to the respective factors that influence combined unmet, unmet need for spacing and limiting.

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Published
2020-04-29
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Keywords:
Unmet need, limiting, spacing, family planning, Women, Zambia
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How to Cite
Mulenga, J. N., Bwalya, B. B., Mulenga, M. C., & Mumba, K. (2020). Determinants of unmet need for family planning among married women in Zambia. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2020.1084