Antibiotic prescribing pattern on extemporaneous compounding suspension in primary health care centers

  • Indri Hapsari | ihapsari764@gmail.com Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada; Department of Pharmaceutics and Technology of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Indonesia.
  • Marchaban Marchaban Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.
  • Chairun Wiedyaningsih Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.
  • Susi Ari Kristina Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Abstract

Extemporaneous compounding is one of traditional drug prescribing methods. Although this compounding is still used until present days, but it remains problems since many unexpected cases happen such as medication error, quality of the compounding and also bacterial contamination that may appear in each compounding dosage. This study aims to determine prescribing pattern of antibiotic on dosage of extemporaneous compounding suspension in primary health care centers. The employed method is cross sectional survey conducted in 24 primary health care centers; it is obtained 87 extemporaneous compounding suspensions containing antibiotics. The result shows the antibiotics frequently used in the compounding in the primary health care centers are amoxicillin (90.62%) in form of tablet dosage (10.42) and suspension dosage (89.58%). The most used pattern of antibiotic prescribing in dosage of extemporaneous prescribing suspension is antibiotic suspension + anti-histamine tablets + corticosteroids tablet (18.39%). It can be concluded that the most used prescribing pattern of antibiotic in dosage of extemporaneous prescribing suspension is antibiotic suspension + anti-histamine tablets + corticosteroids tablet.

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Published
2019-10-30
Keywords:
Prescribing pattern, antibiotic, suspension, extemporaneous compounding, primary health care centers
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How to Cite
Hapsari, I., Marchaban, M., Wiedyaningsih, C., & Kristina, S. (2019). Antibiotic prescribing pattern on extemporaneous compounding suspension in primary health care centers. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 10(1s). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2019.1183