Public knowledge, attitudes and practice about COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 is a newly discovered global pandemic that affected almost all countries including Jordan. Knowledge, attitude and practices are fundamental to suppress the spread of the virus. Objective: This study aimed to examine knowledge, attitude and practices about COVID-19 in Jordan.
Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to recruit a convenience sample of public from Jordan. An online instrument used to assess knowledge, attitude and practices about COVID-19, and was developed by the research team. The data were collected online through social media networks in Jordan. The data were collected during May 2020.
Results: 2470 participants participated and completed the study questionnaire. Results indicated good knowledge, practice, and attitude, about COVID-19 among the public in Jordan. Linear regression showed that female, aged 40 years or more, married, with Bachelor degree or higher, employed, and participants believe that Jordan will control COVID-19 had higher knowledge compared to their counterparts. Besides, linear regression showed that female, living in Amman city, with high knowledge about COVID-19, and believe that Jordan will control COVID-19 had higher practice compared to their counterparts.
Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude and practices levels regarding COVID-19 among Jordanian population during the pandemic were high. However, health authorities and government have to implement and maintain educational programs to enhance the Jordanian population’s awareness regarding COVID-19 and to prevent its spread specially among male, aged less than 40 years, unmarried, with less than Bachelor degree, unemployed, and for participants believe that Jordan will not control COVID-19

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Liu X, Wang XJ. Potential inhibitors against 2019-nCoV coronavirus M protease from clinically approved medicines. Journal of Genetics and Genomics. 2020 Feb 20;47(2):119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgg.2020.02.001

Robson B. COVID-19 Coronavirus spike protein analysis for synthetic vaccines, a peptidomimetic antagonist, and therapeutic drugs, and analysis of a proposed achilles’ heel conserved region to minimize probability of escape mutations and drug resistance. Computers in Biology and Medicine. 2020 Apr 11;121:103749. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2020.103749

Feng S, Shen C, Xia N, Song W, Fan M, Cowling BJ. Rational use of face masks in the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 2020 May 1;8(5):434-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30134-X

Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, Li Y. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences. 2020;16(10):1745. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.45221

Liu Y, Gayle AA, Wilder-Smith A, Rocklöv J. The reproductive number of COVID-19 is higher compared to SARS coronavirus. Journal of Travel Medicine. 2020 Mar 13;27(2):1-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taaa021

Ruan Q, Yang K, Wang W, Jiang L, Song J. Clinical predictors of mortality due to COVID-19 based on an analysis of data of 150 patients from Wuhan, China. Intensive Care Medicine. 2020 May;46(5):846-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-020-05991-x

Ji HL, Zhao R, Matalon S, Matthay MA. Elevated plasmin (ogen) as a common risk factor for COVID-19 susceptibility. Physiological reviews. 2020 Apr 3;100:1065-1075. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00013.2020

Xu Z, Shi L, Wang Y, Zhang J, Huang L, Zhang C, Liu S, Zhao P, Liu H, Zhu L, Tai Y. Pathological findings of COVID-19 associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The Lancet respiratory medicine. 2020 Apr 1;8(4):420-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30076-X

World Health Organization. (2020). Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection when novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection is suspected, Interim guidance, 13 March 2020. https://www.who.int/publications-detail/clinical-management-of-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-when-novel-coronavirus-(ncov)-infection-is-suspected. Accessed Date 15 June, 2020

WHO, 2020. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public, https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public?gclid=Cj0KCQjwirz3BRD_ARIsAImf7LMdSuXyVXneEkeTMD1Jq7-oCPpehC-3xpt55tUS7cBsyyQYOt6QZGEaAsmDEALw_wcB. Accessed Date 20 June, 2020.

Naser AY, Dahmash EZ, Alwafi H, Alsairafi ZK, Ahmed M, Rajeh A, et al. Knowledge and practices towards COVID-19 during its outbreak: a multinational cross-sectional study. medRxiv doi: 10.1101/2020.04.13.20063560. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.13.20063560

Gelfand M, Jackson JC, Pan X, Nau D, Dagher M, Chiu CY. Cultural and Institutional Factors Predicting the Infection Rate and Mortality Likelihood of the COVID-19 Pandemic. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/m7f8a DOI: https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/m7f8a

Ministry of Health in Jordan, the pandemic situation. 2020. Available at [https://corona.moh.gov.jo/en]. Accessed date 25 June 2020.

McKibbin WJ, Fernando R. The global macroeconomic impacts of COVID-19: Seven scenarios. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3547729 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3547729

Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. Plos one. 2020 May 21;15(5):e0233668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233668

Byanaku A, Ibrahim M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19: A quick online cross-sectional survey among Tanzanian residents. medRxiv. 2020 Jan 1. doi.10.1101/2020.04.26.20080820

Al-Hanawi MK, Angawi K, Alshareef N, Qattan AM, Helmy HZ, Abudawood Y, Alqurashi M, Kattan WM, Kadasah NA, Chirwa GC, Alsharqi O. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward COVID-19 Among the Public in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8(217)1-10. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.00217 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00217

Assaf AM, Hammad EA, Haddadin RN. Influenza vaccination coverage rates, knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs in Jordan: a comprehensive study. Viral immunology. 2016 Nov 1;29(9):516-25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/vim.2015.0135

Published
2021-01-29
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Coronavirus Infections; COVID-19; Knowledge, Attitude, Practice; Jordan
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 652

  • PDF: 142
How to Cite
Tawalbeh, L. I., Al-Smadi, A. M., Ashour, A., Alshajrawi, A., Gammoh, O., & Abu-Al-Rous, N. (2021). Public knowledge, attitudes and practice about COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Public Health in Africa. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1519