Health impact assessment and evaluation of a clinical waste management policy for Cameroon

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Gabriel Gulis *
Peter Ikome Kuwoh Mochungong
(*) Corresponding Author:
Gabriel Gulis | ggulis@health.sdu.dk

Abstract

Health impact assessment (HIA) was carried out to evaluate development of a clinical waste management policy for Cameroon. Fifteen stakeholders of different portfolios within the health sector were selected during a HIA initiating study trip to the Northwest region of Cameroon. Questionnaires were then developed and emailed to the stakeholders. The stakeholders identified cross-contamination, environmental pollution, physical injuries and poor waste management sites as potential risk factors that can be associated with poor clinical waste management. They recommended strong economic and political capital as a prerequisite for the development and implementation of a successful clinical waste policy. Local impacts on health, according to the stakeholders, should be prioritized in deciding any treatment and disposal option. The whole HIA process run through 2008-2010.

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Author Biographies

Gabriel Gulis, Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg

associate professor

Peter Ikome Kuwoh Mochungong, Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg

post doc