Antibiotic prescribing pattern on extemporaneous compounding suspension in primary health care centers
Keywords:Prescribing pattern, antibiotic, suspension, extemporaneous compounding, primary health care centers
Extemporaneous compounding is one of traditional drug prescribing methods. Although this compounding is still used until present days, but it remains problems since many unexpected cases happen such as medication error, quality of the compounding and also bacterial contamination that may appear in each compounding dosage. This study aims to determine prescribing pattern of antibiotic on dosage of extemporaneous compounding suspension in primary health care centers. The employed method is cross sectional survey conducted in 24 primary health care centers; it is obtained 87 extemporaneous compounding suspensions containing antibiotics. The result shows the antibiotics frequently used in the compounding in the primary health care centers are amoxicillin (90.62%) in form of tablet dosage (10.42) and suspension dosage (89.58%). The most used pattern of antibiotic prescribing in dosage of extemporaneous prescribing suspension is antibiotic suspension + anti-histamine tablets + corticosteroids tablet (18.39%). It can be concluded that the most used prescribing pattern of antibiotic in dosage of extemporaneous prescribing suspension is antibiotic suspension + anti-histamine tablets + corticosteroids tablet.