The contribution of reduced COVID-19 test time in controlling the spread of the disease: A simulation-based approach

Authors

  • Youness Frichi Industrial Services and Technologies, High School of Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3061-7699
  • Abderrahmane Ben Kacem Laboratory of Innovative Technologies, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tangier
  • Fouad Jawab Industrial Services and Technologies, High School of Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0508-7278
  • Said Boutahari Industrial Services and Technologies, High School of Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez
  • Oualid Kamach Laboratory of Innovative Technologies, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tangier https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0642-0041
  • Samir Chafik Multidisciplinary Research and Innovation Laboratory, EMSI, Casablanca

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1455

Keywords:

COVID-19, test time, discreteevent simulation, mathematical model, simulation

Abstract

The novel coronavirus COVID-19 has known a large spread over the globe threatening human health. Recommendations from WHO and specialists insist on testing on a mass scale. However, health systems do not have enough resources. The current process requires the isolation of testees in the hospitals’ isolation rooms for several hours until the test results are revealed, limiting hospitals’ capacities to test large numbers of cases. The aim of this paper was to estimate the impact of reducing the COVID-19 test time on controlling the pandemic spread, through increasing hospitals’ capacities to test on a mass scale. First, a discrete-event simulation was used to model and simulate the COVID-19 testing process in Morocco. Second, a mathematical model was developed to demonstrate the effect of accurate identification of infected cases on controlling the disease’s spread. Simulation results showed that hospitals’ testing capacities could be increased six times if the test duration fell from 10 hours to 10 minutes. The reduction of test time would increase testing capacities, which help to identify all the infected cases. In contrast, the simulation results indicated that if the infected population is not accurately identified and no precautionary measures are taken, the virus will continue to spread until it reaches the total population. Reducing test time is a vital component of the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is essential for the effective implementation of policies to contain the virus.

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

13-01-2022

How to Cite

Frichi, Y., Ben Kacem, A. ., Jawab, F., Boutahari, S. ., Kamach, O. ., & Chafik, S. . (2022). The contribution of reduced COVID-19 test time in controlling the spread of the disease: A simulation-based approach. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1455

Issue

Section

COVID-19