Strategies to enhance the approach to prostate cancer screening of South African black men in the Free State: a Delphi study

Authors

  • Matthew Olukayode Abiodun Benedict Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5983-7919
  • Wilhelm Johannes Steinberg Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
  • Frederik M. Claassen Department of Urology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
  • Nathaniel Mofolo School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2333

Keywords:

prostate cancer, strategies, improve, screening, knowledge, attitude and practice, KAP, black men, African

Abstract

Background. The incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer (PCa) are disproportionately on the increase among South African black men. Recent studies show a greater net benefit of prostate-specific antigen screening of black men compared with the general population. There are, however, knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) gaps among primary healthcare providers (HCPs) and users (black men) on PCa screening. Likewise, there is a scarcity of research on strategies to address these gaps. Objective. This study sought to determine complementing strategies to enhance the approach to PCa screening of African men in the Free State, South Africa, from the perspectives of primary HCPs and users. Methods. This study utilized a three-round modified Delphi survey to achieve its aim. Consensus was determined by an a priori threshold of ≥70% of agreement. Results. The survey involved a multidisciplinary panel of 19 experts. The consensus was reached on 34 items (strategies) to enhance the approach to PCa screening in the study setting. Community health education strategies were proffered, relating to relevant topics, methods, venues of delivery, and persons to deliver the education. Continuing education topics and methods of instruction were suggested for primary HCPs. Conclusions. In view of the existing KAP gaps in PCa screening among primary HCPs and users (black men), an expert consensus was determined, on complementing strategies to enhance the approach to PCa screening of South African black men in the study setting.

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Author Biographies

Matthew Olukayode Abiodun Benedict, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

Senior lecturer / medical specialist, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bloemfontein

Wilhelm Johannes Steinberg, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

Associate Professor, Principal Family Practitioner, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bloemfontein

Frederik M. Claassen, Department of Urology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

Adjunct Professor, Department of Urology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Univeristy of the Free State, Bloemfontein

Nathaniel Mofolo, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

Head of Department (at time of study), School of Clinical Medicine, Facuty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

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Published

24-05-2023

How to Cite

Benedict, M. O. A., Steinberg, W. J., Claassen, F. M., & Mofolo, N. (2023). Strategies to enhance the approach to prostate cancer screening of South African black men in the Free State: a Delphi study. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(7). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2333

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Original Articles