Associated factors with hypertension, known poorly controlled hypertension, and newly diagnosed hypertension among people aged 18-70 in Senegal

Authors

  • Pêngd-Wendé Habib Boussé Traore Institute of Health and Development, Public Health Service, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar; Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dalal Jamm Hospital, Dakar https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2659-0614
  • Jean Augustin Diégane Tine Institute of Health and Development, Public Health Service, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar
  • Oumar Bassoum Institute of Health and Development, Public Health Service, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar
  • Abdoul Kane Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dalal Jamm Hospital, Dakar
  • Adama Faye Institute of Health and Development, Public Health Service, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2538

Keywords:

associated factors, hypertension, WHO STEPwise, Senegal

Abstract

Introduction. In this study, we aimed to determine the factors associated with hypertension, known poorly controlled hypertension, and newly diagnosed hypertension in 2015 to improve the prevention of this pathology in our country. Methods. This was a secondary analysis of the national WHO STEPwise survey database. It had a quantitative, descriptive, and analytical aim. The sampling was done in stratification in three stages of sampling. Statistical analysis was performed using Rstudio 4.0.2 software. It was a descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using binomial logistic regression for explanatory purposes. Results. The risk factors for being hypertensive among 18-70- year-olds in Senegal in 2015 were: having taken their blood pressure at least once in their life; having taken their cholesterol levels at least once in their life; having received advice to reduce salt consumption; having received advice on how to reduce the amount of sugar; having a lean body mass index; being overweight; being obese III; and being between 35-39 and 65-70 years old. The protective factors are: checking the salt content indicated on the labels; and consuming salt-rich dishes “often” compared to “never”. The risk factors for being newly diagnosed with hypertension among 18-70-year-olds in Senegal in 2015 were: having a history of stroke; having a resting heart rate greater than 80 beats per minute; consuming palm oil; and having high fasting blood sugar. The protective factors are: having a high average number of meals eaten per week not prepared at home; checking the salt content indicated on the label; and being of female sex. The risk factors for being known to have poorly controlled hypertension among 18-70- year-olds in Senegal in 2015 were: judging their reduction in salt consumption as “very important”; and having received advice to reduce their salt consumption. The protective factors are: performing physical activity only when traveling; and limiting the consumption of salty meals. Conclusion. Senegalese family cooking exposes to hypertension, small actions limiting salt consumption strongly protect against hypertension, and simple physical activity during travel strongly protects against hypertension, but the health system is very little proactive in the primordial and primary prevention of hypertension.

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Published

30-05-2023

How to Cite

Traore, P.-W. H. B., Tine, J. A. D., Bassoum, O., Kane, A., & Faye, A. (2023). Associated factors with hypertension, known poorly controlled hypertension, and newly diagnosed hypertension among people aged 18-70 in Senegal. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(7). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2538

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Original Articles