Urine analysis and nutrition status among elderly in Griya Werdha, Surabaya


  • Trias Mahmudiono Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Eurika Zebadia Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Utari Gita Setyawati Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Nur Sahila Department of Health Policy and Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Devina Amelinda Nathania Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Kamila Dwi Febrianti Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Sasha Anggita Ramadhan Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Eka Anisah Yusryana Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Technology and Multidiscipline, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Diah Indriani Department of Biostatistic, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Dono Widiatmoko College of Health, Psychology and Social Care, University of Derby
  • Hsiu Ling Chen Department of Food Safety, Hygiene and Risk Management, College of Medicine, National Cheng-Kung University Taiwan




blood pressure, chronic kidney disease, education, elderly


Background. Aging is a natural process in the body that everyone will experience as they get older. However, aging is not the same in each individual due to several differences such as diet, lifestyle, genetics, and overall health. Therefore, the Surabaya city government is trying to help elderly people who do not have any caregivers by scouting and gathering them at Griya Werdha. Objective. This study aimed to provide a feeding program for the elderly and determine the risk of kidney failure experienced by the elderly living in Griya Werdha. Materials and Methods. This research was a cross-sectional study with 44 elderlies as the samples. The data collected included elderlies’ blood pressure, weight, height, and urine. Moreover, the elderly were also interviewed on food waste, exercise habits, and sleeping habits using questionnaires. Data were analyzed using binary logistic regression and the chi-square test to find the association between the variables. Results. The results showed a significant association was found between education and blood in the urine (p=0.036) and the association was not found between education and nutritional status (P=0.392) also systole blood pressure (P=0.373). Association also was not found between glucose in urine (P=0.522), positive leukocyte (0.184), positive blood in the urine (P=0.671), and the risk of CKD. Conclusions. In conclusion, the elderly with low education can be at risk for certain diseases.

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How to Cite

Mahmudiono, T., Zebadia, E., Setyawati, U. G., Sahila, N., Nathania, D. A., Febrianti, K. D., Ramadhan, S. A., Yusryana, E. A., Indriani, D., Widiatmoko, D., & Chen, H. L. (2023). Urine analysis and nutrition status among elderly in Griya Werdha, Surabaya. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(s2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2563

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