The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of antenatal care services in Probolinggo District

Published: 25 May 2023
Abstract Views: 115
PDF: 71
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


Background. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced the status of a global pandemic for the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Pregnant women are most vulnerable to being infected with COVID-19 and must take extra care of their health. The impact and risk of COVID-19 on pregnant and lactating women as well as on the fetus and baby are not yet known with certainty. However, due to changes in body shape and immune system, pregnant women are very susceptible to some respiratory infections.

Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of antenatal care (ANC) services in Probolinggo Regency.

Methods. This analytic research has a cross-sectional design. The participants are 326 pregnant women in the third trimester. Sampling uses simple random sampling. The sample is some pregnant women in the third trimester, as many as 179 people. Chi-square is used for analysis.

Results. According to the study's findings, as many as 170 respondents did not confirm that they had COVID-19 (95%). 153 respondents were provided with quality ANC services (85%).

Conclusion. The results of the statistical test obtained a value of P=0.09; so there is an influence during the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of ANC services. Efforts that can be made are health workers limit meetings with pregnant women without reducing the quality of ANC services.

Indonesia A. Yuk, pahami lebih jelas arti pandemi pada COVID-19. Allianz; 2020. Available from:

Siska J, Hinonaung H, Pramardika DD, et al. Tinjauan literatur : Covid-19 pada ibu hamil. j ilm kebidanan indones. Indonesian Midwifery Scientific Journal 2020;11:44-9. Available from:

Wening G, Kuntari S, Hamid T, et al. Evaluating instrument for assessing maternal need of dental health program with low-income attributes among Javanese and Madurese tribe: a cross-sectional study. J Int Oral Heal 2020;12:594-9. DOI:

Bangsawan CC. COVID-19 dan dampak yang ditimbulkan pada kehamilan. J Kesmas Jambi 2022;6:15-22. DOI:

Kemkes. Pentingnya Pemeriksaan Kehamilan (ANC) di Fasilitas Kesehatan; 2018.

Azizah Hj, Ruslinawati, Wulandatika D. Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan frekuensi kunjungan antenatal care pada ibu hamil masa pnandemi COVID-19 di puskesmas pekauman banjarmasin. J Midwifery Reprod 2021;5:1-9.

Tristanti I, Kulsum U. Potret perilaku pemeriksaan kehamilan di masa pandemi Covid 19. Mot J Kesehat 2020;16:17-23. Available from:

Abidah UR. Hubungan dukungan tenaga kesehatan dengan keteraturan pemeriksaan kehamilan pada ibu hamil di masa pandemi covid 19 di kecamatan wundulako sulawesi tenggara. Degree diss., University of Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Indonesia; 2021.

Hasugian LE, Zuska F, Sitorus ME, et al. Analisis pelaksanaan pelayanan ANC pada masa pandemi covid-19 di wilayah kerja puskesmas parlilitan kecamatan parlilitan kabupaten humbang hasundutan tahun 2021. J Healthc Technol Med 2021;7:1236-50.

Ariyani F, Lestari W, Eza Fitria N, Putri Primasari E. Peran bidan dalam pelayanan antenatal pada masa pandemi Covid 19. J Kesehat Mercusuar 2021;4:32-7. DOI:

Fauziyah N, Fitryasari R, Nastiti AA. Correlation between knowledge, mother’s support, peer support with anxiety to confront menarche among adolescents at elementary school: a correlational study. Pediomaternal Nurs J 2020;6:21. DOI:

Ariestanti Y, Widayati T, Sulistyowati Y. Determinan perilaku ibu hamil melakukan pemeriksaan kehamilan (antenatal care) pada masa pandemi Covid-19. J Bid Ilmu Kesehat 2020;10:203-16. DOI:

Anung AP, Casman, Nur A. Pengaruh kebijakan social distancing pada wabah covid-19 terhadap kelompok rentan di indonesia. J Kebijak Kesehat Indones 2020;9:61-7.

Purnamayanti NMD, Astiti NKE. Pengetahuan, sikap dan kepatuhan penggunaan masker oleh ibu hamil pada masa pandemi CoVid-19 di Kota Denpasar. J Ilm Kebidanan 2020;9:28-37. Available from:

Wahidah I, Athallah R, Hartono NFS, et al. Pandemik COVID-19: analisis perencanaan pemerintah dan masyarakat dalam berbagai upaya pencegahan. J Manaj dan Organ 2020;11:179-88. DOI:

Yuliani DR, Aini FN. Kecemasan ibu hamil dan ibu nifas pada masa pandemi covid-19 di kecamatan baturraden. J Sains Kebidanan 2020;2:11-4. DOI:

ICM. ICM official statement women’s rights in childbirth must be upheld during the coronavirus pandemic. ICM official 2020;31.

WHO. Operational guidance for maintaining essential health services during an outbreak. World Heal Organ; 2020. Available from:

de Labrusse C, Ramelet AS, Humphrey T, Maclennan SJ. Patient-centered care in maternity services: a critical appraisal and synthesis of the literature. Women Heal Issues 2016;26:100–9. Available from: DOI:

Azizah N. Kepuasan ibu hamil terhadap peran bidan dalam pelayanan antenatal care di masa pandemi. J Qual Women Heal 2022;5:76-81. DOI:

Ardiani S. J analisis faktor kualitas pelayanan antenatal pada masa pandemi covid 19 di pmb kabupaten boyolali. Jurnal Kebidanan 2022;14:102-18. DOI:

Yani SA. Hubungan mutu pelayanan antenatal care pada masa pandemi covid-19 dengan tingkat kepuasan ibu hamil. Universitas hasanuddin; 2022.

Nurrizka, Yuri F. Akses ibu hamil terhadap pelayanan kesehatan di masa pandemi covid-19. j kebijak kesehat indones Jkki 2021;10:94-9.

Campos-Garzón C, Riquelme-Gallego B, de la Torre-Luque A, Caparrós-González RA. Psychological impact of the covid-19 pandemic on pregnant women: a scoping review. Behav Sci (Basel) 2021;11. DOI:

Durankuş F, Aksu E. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women: a preliminary study. J Matern Neonatal Med 2020;35:205-11. DOI:

Ramanathan K, Antognini D, Combes A, et al. Effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and perinatal outcomes"a systemic review and meta-analysis; 2020;19-21.

Gurol-urganci I, Jardine JE, Carroll F, et al. Maternal and perinatal outcame of pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection at the time of birth in England: national cohort study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020; 225:522.e1-e11. DOI:

Montagnoli C, Zanconato G, Ruggeri S, et al. Restructuring maternal services during the covid-19 pandemic: early results of a scoping review for non-infected women. Midwifery 2021;94:102916. DOI:

Dell C, Manzoni E, Cipriani S, et al. Effects of SARS Cov-2 epidemic on the obstetrical and gynecological emergency service accesses. What happened and what shall we expect now? Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020;254:64-8. DOI:

Linden K, Domgren N, Zaigham M, Sengpiel V. Being in the shadow of the unknown — Swedish women’s lived experiences of pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic , a phenomenological study. Women Birth 2022;35:440-6. DOI:

Meaney S, Leitao S, Olander EK, et al. The impact of COVID-19 on pregnant womens’ experiences and perceptions of antenatal maternity care, social support, and stress-reduction strategies. Women and Birth 2022;35:307-16. DOI:

Naurin E, Markstedt E, Stolle D, et al. Pregnant under the pressure of a pandemic: a large-scale longitudinal survey before and during the COVID-19 outbreak. Eur J Public Health 2021;31:30-6. DOI:

Chen Y, Li Z, Zhang YY, et al. Maternal health care management during the outbreak of coronavirus disease. J Med Virol 2019;92:731-9. DOI:

Abdollahpour S, Khadivzadeh T. Improving the quality of care in pregnancy and childbirth with coronavirus (covid-19): a systematic review. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2022;35:1601-9. DOI:

Ranganathan R, Khan AM, Chabra P. Antenatal care, care at birth and breastfeeding during the coronavirus (covid-19) pandemic. Indian J community Health 2020;32:17-20. DOI:

Zakiyyah, M., Supriyanto, S., Wulandari, R. D., Ekasari, T., & Narsih, U. (2023). The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of antenatal care services in Probolinggo District. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(s2).


Download data is not yet available.